Food policy in ethiopia wfp pdf

To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Abduselam Abdulahi. International Journal of Health Economics and Policy. Food security is achieved when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.

Food insecurity occurs at individuals, households or nation level that has neither physical nor economical access to the nourishment they need.

As indicated by Africa Food Security and Hunger Multiple Indicator Scorecard, Ethiopia ranked first in having the highest number of people in state of undernourishment which is World Food Program found long-term effects of chronic malnutrition cost Ethiopia approximately The number of food insecure people in the country increasing from time to time; which was estimated to 2. Drought and land degradation, population pressure, instability and armed conflict are major sources of food security problems in Ethiopia.

To cope with these problems Ethiopian people use sale of livestock, agricultural employment, and migration to other areas, requesting grain loans, sales of wood or charcoal, small scale trading and limiting size and frequency of meal as major coping mechanisms. Background Nigeria. Over 80 percent of Ethiopian population live in rural areas and are heavily dependent on rain-fed Ethiopia is one of the most food-insecure and famine agriculture; this makes them extremely vulnerable to affected countries.

The situation of chronically food insecure people is security; the estimated number of food insecure people was becoming more and more severe. Food security situation in 4. According to a Government-led multi agency drought. According to [26] more than 41 percent of the assessment, By using the threshold With 80 percent of its population dependent on rain-fed of 2, kilocalories Kcal per adult equivalent per day, 40 agriculture, Ethiopia is particularly vulnerable to weather- percent of Ethiopian households for whom their majority related shocks.

Rain varies greatly by region and is reside in rural parts of the country were food insecure and particularly unpredictable [54] Although the undernourished [51]. Methodology [12] and [44] findings argue that this can still adversely affect very poor small farmers — especially if such decreases are The design of this review study is involves a qualitative concentrated in the growing season.

According comes from secondary data sources. Three years of successive poor have produced reports on food security situation in Ethiopia. Discussions recorded in Ethiopian history were more than27 million people become food insecure and total population of Definitions and Concepts of Food Security million people require food assistance in Furthermore, Food security is a dynamic concept, which has there is evidence that climate is already changing leading to continuously integrated new dimensions and levels of serious drought.

Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Ethiopia

The drought pattern has been 10 years in analysis over the years. This continuing evolution of food case for Ethiopia, but at present time the cycle period is security concept reflects the wider recognition of the becoming shorter and shorter which leads to serious food complexities of concept in research and public policy, security problems in every three years.

These challenges can Food security is a concept that has evolved considerably often create a vicious circle where households are unable to over time and its definitions developed and diversified by produce enough food, even in good years, because they are different researchers, scholars and organizations. The gravity of food insecurity, and its many security. Food security is such a complex notion that it is rippling effects, has led much of the development agenda to virtually impossible to measure it directly, and a variety of search for specific areas for intervention given limited proxy measures have been suggested.

Consumption and resources and growing populations in many developing expenditure, nutritional status, coping strategies are the most countries [35]. The held to solve the problem of world food crises and major document identifies humanitarian food and non-food famines around the world.

Food security and insecurity are requirements for vulnerable groups in the country following the terms used to describe whether or not households have on the multi-sectoral ground assessment conducted at the end access to sufficient quality and quantity of food. With of [49]. According to HRD an estimated 2. All of the national, household and individual levels.Ethiopia has made important development gains over the past two decades, reducing poverty and expanding investments in basic social services.

However, food insecurity and under-nutrition still hinder economic growth. This figure includes internally displaced persons IDPswho have had to leave their homes due to unrest or natural shocks.

The country is home to the second largest refugee population on the continenthosting overregistered refugees from Eritrea, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan. Recurrent drought and failed harvests have left a negative legacy on many families, who have lost livestock and other productive assets. The Somali region remains the epicenter of drought and has also been prone to flash floods. Despite these challenges, the Government's five-year Growth and Transformation Plans aim to move the country to middle-income status byby sustaining rapid growth and speeding up structural transformation.

The World Food Programme WFP supports this goal through a range of lifesaving and resilience-building activities, targeted at vulnerable populations experiencing acute and chronic food needs including refugees and IDPs and those at risk of malnutrition. Home Where we work Ethiopia. Show more. Download country brief.

WFP provides unconditional food and cash transfers to the most vulnerable families. Contingency stocks of food are prepositioned in case of conflict or climate-related shocks. WFP supplies food in the Somali region and part of Oromia region while the Government and its partners cover the remaining needs across the country. Food security and nutrition. Through the PSNP, chronically food insecure households receive food and cash transfers in lean seasons in exchange for building or rehabilitating community assets.

WFP supportspeople and the Government provides the remaining resources. With the Ministry of Health, WFP provides 4 million people with fortified food to treat malnutrition. Fresh food voucher mobile top-ups also help households in Amhara region to buy fresh nutritious produce. Early warning and climate action. The R4 Rural Resilience Initiative includes building agricultural infrastructure and trainings in exchange for insurance and increased access to credit and loans.

A satellite project for pastoralists also gives access to insurance payments for livestock feed and veterinary materials when droughts occur. WFP provides food and cash transfers, targeted nutrition programmes, school feeding and livelihood support to an estimatedregistered refugees.

Livelihood work includes irrigation agriculture, natural resource management and market development to help refugees and host communities around the camps gradually become self-reliant for their food needs. School meals.

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WFP works with the Government and partners to improve nutrition and promote education for school children in the Afar, Oromia and Somali regions. Home-grown school feeding, with locally procured products such as cereals, pulses, vegetable oil and salt, brings additional benefits including increased income for farmers and a boost for the local economy.

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Capacity strengthening. WFP works with the Government on supply chain capacity-strengthening activities, including reducing port congestion with the Ethiopian Maritime Affairs Authority, strengthening the road transport sector with the Federal Road Transport Authority, and supporting the National Disaster Risk Management agency in its implementation of an end-to-end food tracking system. Supply chain.

The WFP-managed UNHAS service provides air transport for humanitarian partners and cargo to seven destinations where transport infrastructure does not exist. Related publications. Truckers and sex workers drive home HIV awareness in Ethiopia.Nationwide, about 8.

Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Ethiopia pdf - k. Skip to main content. Agency for International Development. Search Fusion Enter the terms you wish to search for. Global Development Lab. Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Ethiopia. Meanwhile, above-average late rainfall in southern pastoral areas will likely augment water availability, pasture generation, and livestock and milk production, leading to improved food security conditions for many animal-raising households, according to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network FEWS NET.

However, some farmers will collect below-average harvests due to localized desert locust infestations and irregular precipitation. Ongoing intercommunal violence is also hampering livelihoods activities and driving displacement, undermining food security in some areas.

In addition, recent flooding in parts of Somali Region caused crop losses, displacement, and thousands of livestock deaths. As of Novemberrelief partners estimated that 2 million people were internally displaced in Ethiopia. Ethiopia also hostsrefugees from nearby nations, such as South Sudan and Somalia.

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Connect Facebook. Stay Connected.Whether it is delivering assistance in the midst of conflict or helping in the aftermath of a natural disaster, the World Food Programme WFP is required to respond readily to crises or emergencies. Being accountable to the people we serve and those that provide funds, we need to measure performance and demonstrate results while meeting the needs of beneficiaries. WFP works with partners on the ground to assess needs and support programmes to reach zero hunger.

As we plan, design, implement and report on our activities, we are also responsible for monitoring and evaluating our efforts, and take every opportunity to learn first-hand from our operations and projects.

Monitoring, evaluation and learning

Continuous monitoring of achievements and overall performance generates the information and data to tell WFP and its partners if the approaches chosen are successful. Learning from that evidence is necessary in order to adjust projects and report effectively on results. Regular, independent evaluations are needed to determine whether we are doing the right thing, if we are achieving results and whether or not we could do thing differently.

This ensures both accountability to donors and learning for the organization. Providing independent, credible and useful evaluation evidence for operational, accountability and institutional knowledge purposes. Tracking and analyzing project results to measure performance and to make adjustments.

food policy in ethiopia wfp pdf

National partners establish a joint roadmap and priority actions to achieve zero hunger by Home Monitoring, evaluation and learning. Related topics Independent evaluation Providing independent, credible and useful evaluation evidence for operational, accountability and institutional knowledge purposes Monitoring Tracking and analyzing project results to measure performance and to make adjustments Zero Hunger Strategic Reviews National partners establish a joint roadmap and priority actions to achieve zero hunger by Related publications.

Show more.In Ethiopia significant progress over the past decades has reduced poverty, food insecurity and malnutrition and improved access to critical basic services. About 30 million people still do not have access to adequate food throughout the year, however, and about 32 million people are undernourished.

Persisting development challenges are grounded in the slow pace of transformation of the economy, vulnerability to climate shocks and the low level of human development. These challenges are exacerbated by significant humanitarian requirements caused by climate-induced shocks, conflict-related internal displacement of populations and the arrival of refugees from neighbouring countries.

The national productive safety net programme is one of the largest social protection schemes in Africa, serving an average of 8 million people every year. The national nutrition programme has the aim of integrating nutrition-specific and -sensitive interventions in many sectors through a lifecycle approach to nutrition. The national school feeding programme is expected ultimately to attain national coverage.

food policy in ethiopia wfp pdf

The recently adopted national comprehensive refugee response strategy has the aim of gradually phasing out refugee camps and facilitating the socio-economic integration of refugees into host communities enabling them to become self-reliant.

WFP will support the Government in implementing these plans, which have the ultimate aim of achieving zero hunger by While the bulk of operations will continue to address the immediate short-term needs of refugees, internally displaced persons and other food-insecure and undernourished people, the interim plan has the aim of positioning WFP for a gradual transformation of its role during implementation of the subsequent country strategic plan.

The interim country strategic plan is structured under five strategic outcomes, which are aligned with WFP Strategic Results 1, 2, 5 and 8 and contribute to all the outcome pillars of the United Nations development assistance framework for — Home Operation database ET The interim country strategic plan is structured under five strategic outcomes, which are aligned with WFP Strategic Results 1, 2, 5 and 8 and contribute to all the outcome pillars of the United Nations development assistance framework for — Strategic outcome 1: Refugees and crisis-affected populations in targeted areas are able to meet their basic food and nutrition needs throughout the year.

Strategic outcome 2: Vulnerable and food-insecure populations are able to meet their essential food needs and establish climate-resilient livelihoods. Strategic outcome 3: Nutritionally vulnerable populations in targeted areas receive support aimed at preventing all forms of undernutrition. Strategic outcome 4: Government institutions and the private sector benefit from capacity strengthening in the areas of early warning and emergency preparedness systems, the design and implementation of safety net programmes and supply chain management.

Strategic outcome 5: Government, humanitarian and development partners in Ethiopia have access to and benefit from effective and cost-efficient logistics services, including air transport, common coordination platforms and improved commodity supply chains.Ethiopia is the second most populous country in Africa with million people.

Over the past seven years, Ethiopia has achieved high economic growth averaging 11 percent per annum, and reduced extreme poverty from 61 to 31 percent, enabling it to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger rates by half, as was targeted in Millennium Development Goal MDG 1. The Government's medium term strategic framework Growth and Transformation Plan GTP IIpromotes agricultural development to achieve food and nutrition security, with the aim of building resilience, and places emphasis on the production of high-value crops and on livestock.

The overarching objective of GTP II is the realization of Ethiopia's vision of becoming a middle-income country by The Humanitarian Disaster Resilience Plan assesses that 7. WFP plans on providing emergency relief assistance to 2 million people in the Somali Region 1. However, due to insecurity and delayed dispatches of food see ChallengesWFP has not yet reached all the targeted people. At the request of the Government, WFP is providing emergency food relief topeople displaced by earlier conflicts in the East and West Hararghe Zones in the Oromia Region for six months.

In July, WFP planned to assistacutely malnourished children under 5, and pregnant and nursing women in Ethiopia, including 13, conflictinduced IDPs children under 5, and pregnant and nursing women in Oromia Region. However, due to delayed dispatches of nutritious commodities see ChallengesWFP has so far reached only 32 percent of the planned beneficiariespeople.

In July, WFP distributed food assistance torefugees, of whomin 13 refugee camps received a combination of food and cash transfers.

In July, 3, households in Tigray and 2, households in Amhara enrolled into the initiative. Attachments Download report PDF A lack of rainfall is causing severe water shortages, catastrophic livestock losses, and failed crops throughout the country. Ethiopia hosts the second largest refugee population on the continent:people from South Sudan, Somalia, Sudan, Eritrea and Kenya. The number of people living in poverty fell from 48 percent in to 25 percent in At the same time, the proportion of undernourished people fell from 75 percent in to 32 percent in However, the distribution of these gains has been uneven, which means not everyone is doing better.

Moreover, climate shocks have undermined these gains and led to full-blown humanitarian crises across the country. SinceEthiopia has faced five devastating droughts that have destroyed crops, killed livestock and forced millions of people to take extreme coping measures.

food policy in ethiopia wfp pdf

In a dark irony, the overly dry ground also makes the region prone to flash floodswhich wreak their own kind of havoc. The current drought has hit the Somali Region hardest, with an estimated 1.

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WFP has been present in Ethiopia sinceusing food assistance to empower women, transform areas affected by climate change and keep children in school:. PSNP provides food, cash or a combination of both to people in exchange for their participation in building public works like roads, dams, irrigation systems, schools or clinics.

Through its school meals programWFP provides hot meals to more thanEthiopian schoolchildren, which increases enrollment and attendance and reduced dropout rates in food-insecure areas. WFP is also working to hand over the program entirely to the Ethiopian government within the next five years. Purchase for Progress provides small-scale farmers with the training and tools they need to grow more food and build a business.

WFP offers specialized nutritional supplements to about 2. WFP provides food assistance for refugeescash, nutritional supplements and school meals to an estimatedregistered refugees—primarily from nearby Eritrea, Somalia and Sudan.

These programs are structured so that they benefit the host community as well and with the goal of helping Ethiopians become self-sufficient.

Food in Ethiopia - UNSEEN Traditional Ethiopian Food in Africa!

Ethiopia Drought A lack of rainfall is causing severe water shortages, catastrophic livestock losses, and failed crops throughout the country. Unrest Ethiopia hosts the second largest refugee population on the continent:people from South Sudan, Somalia, Sudan, Eritrea and Kenya. Purchase for Progress Purchase for Progress provides small-scale farmers with the training and tools they need to grow more food and build a business.

Specialized Nutrition WFP offers specialized nutritional supplements to about 2. Assistance for refugees WFP provides food assistance for refugeescash, nutritional supplements and school meals to an estimatedregistered refugees—primarily from nearby Eritrea, Somalia and Sudan.

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